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Disadvantages Of Immigration In The UK


The debate around immigrations is a controversial one in the UK, as both sides of the argument vehemently defend their positions for or against the immigration in the UK. Currently in the UK, around 87.1% of the population is native, an outright large majority, yet many claim that this figure will decline quickly in the coming years as demographics are changing very quickly.

Employment

One of the main disadvantages of immigration in the UK is that many immigrants are more willing to work for less pay than the people already living in the UK. Since most immigrants in the UK tend to come from developing countries poorer than the UK, they are willing to work for less since even the ‘lesser’ pay is a lot compared to what they are used to back home. This means immigrants out price many British people from the market.

However studies have shown many immigrants take menial jobs which many British people would not take on even if they were paid to do it more than immigrants are, although such studies are hotly contended.

Crime

Another disadvantage immigration brings to the UK is an increase in crime. Government statistics show a startling disparity between the crimes committed by British natives and immigrants. As of 2014, 21,937 prisoners in the UK were from a minority ethnic group. This means that ethnic minorities make up 26% of the prison population while they are only 13% of the general population.

Out of the British national prison population, 10% are black and 6% are Asian, which shows that second generation immigrants onwards are also more inclined to disproportionally commit crimes compared to the British natives.

Out of the ethnic minority prisoners, 28% were foreign nationals, which amounts to around 6142 and as one can imagine this costs the British taxpayer money to keep foreign nationals imprisoned.

Changing Demographics

Another disadvantage immigration brings is the change of demographics very quickly, In some areas of the UK the indigenous population has been replaced by immigrants and the natives find themselves as minorities. In 2011, 24% of all babies born in the UK were born to mothers who were born outside the UK. This is a huge percentage considering the fact that, in 2011, non-UK born people living in the UK constituted around 8.3% of the overall population. This consequently ameans that British women have a far lower fertility rate than foreign-born women in the UK. The fertility rate of British women is 1.89 whereas the fertility rate of foreign born women in the UK is 2.28- the replacement rate is 2.0.

Although there have been a few studies suggesting that after a few generations, immigrant fertility rates fall in line with the indigenous population. but more research is needed on this.

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